Sir Walter Synnot[1]

Male 1742 - 1821  (79 years)


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  • Name Walter Synnot 
    Prefix Sir 
    Born 1742  [2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7
    Gender Male 
    _UID 20CDC900599C4F5B992184D6623E96842311 
    Died 9 Aug 1821  Rome, Italy Find all individuals with events at this location  [1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 9, 10, 11, 12
    Buried 11 Aug 1821  Rome, Italy Find all individuals with events at this location  [13, 14
    Address:
    Il Cimitero Acattolico 
    Person ID I8260  Treefive
    Last Modified 29 Jan 2018 

    Father Mark Synnot,   b. Abt 1698,   d. 19 Nov 1754  (Age ~ 56 years) 
    Mother Anne Nugent,   b. 1718, Carpenterstown Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. Sep 1769  (Age 51 years) 
    Married 28 Aug 1734  Dublin Find all individuals with events at this location  [5, 15, 16, 17, 18
    Address:
    St Paul 
    Family ID F2659  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

    Family 1 Jane Seton,   b. 2 Feb 1748–1749, London, Middlesex, England Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 1803, County Armagh, Ireland Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 53 years) 
    Married 1770  [2, 3, 6, 16, 19, 20, 21
    Children 
     1. Marcus Synnot, Esq.,   b. 21 Jun 1771, Ballymoyer, County Armagh, Ireland Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 3 Feb 1855, Newtownhamilton, County Armagh, Ireland Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 83 years)
     2. Captain Walter John Synnot, Esq.,   b. 29 Dec 1773, Ballymoyer, County Armagh, Ireland Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 31 Dec 1851, Launceston, Tasmania, Australia Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 78 years)
     3. Maria Eliza Synnot,   b. Abt 1776,   d. Aug 1800–SEP 1800  (Age ~ 24 years)
    Last Modified 3 Mar 2018 
    Family ID F2667  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

    Family 2 Anne Elizabeth Martin,   b. 1770, Ireland Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 15 Feb 1850, London, Middlesex, England Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 80 years) 
    Married 10 Aug 1804  Armagh, Ireland Find all individuals with events at this location  [2, 6, 7, 21, 22, 23, 24, 25, 26, 27
    Children 
     1. Anne Elizabeth Synnot,   b. 3 May 1807, Ballymoyer, County Armagh, Ireland Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 5 Jan 1821, Rome, Italy Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 13 years)
     2. Elizabeth Anne Synnot,   b. 1810, Drogheda, County Louth, Ireland Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 17 Mar 1857, Clapham, Surrey, England Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 47 years)
     3. Richard Walter Synnot,   b. 1812, Wexford, County Wexford Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 20 Apr 1841, London, Middlesex, England Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 29 years)
    Last Modified 3 Mar 2018 
    Family ID F2669  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

  • Notes 


    • P. Hore Synnott Pedigree (1913), page 13:
      'Sir Walter Synnot, Kt, of Ballymoyer, Co.. Armagh = 1st Jane dau of John Seton Esq. of Camberwell, Co. Surrey. She died 1803. = 2nd Ann Eliza dau of Revd. Robert Martin.
      Knighted by the Marquis of Buckingham. d.1821 '.

      Sir Walter Synnot was the second son of Mark Synnot.

      http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sir_Walter_Synnot

      Sir Walter Synnot (1742–1821), son of Richard Synnot, settled in the parish of Ballymoyer, County Armagh in 1778 and leased eight townlands from the See of Armagh. The family had originally been large landowners in the County of Wexford, but their lands were taken from them by Cromwell, after Colonel David Synnot resisted Cromwell's troops at the Sack of Wexford. The family was involved not only in the linen trade but also owned lead mines in the vicinity.
      According to Lewis's Topographical Dictionary of Ireland (1837): "The lands were heathy and barren previously to 1778, when Sir Walter Synnot erected a house and became a resident landlord; scarcely a tree or shrub was to be seen, and the agricultural implements were of the rudest kind. He constructed good roads in the vicinity, planted forest trees to a considerable extent, and by his example and liberal encouragement of every improvement both as to their habitations and system of agriculture, affected a great change in the habits of the peasantry, and in the appearance of the country, which is now in an excellent state of cultivation, yielding abundant produce; the cultivation of green crops has been introduced, and is practised with success."
      Ballymoyer House was described in the Parliamentary Gazetter of 1844 as follows: ‘The mansion built by Sir Walter Synnot and the demesne attached to it is laid out and planted in a tasteful style. Three mountain streams after debouching from the glens of their upper course, unite in the lawn and form a scene both beautiful and romantic.’

      He married Jane Seton (a descendant of John Seton, 1st Baron Parbroath and a relative of the American Saint Elizabeth Ann Seton and her grandson Monsignor Robert Seton). They had three children, Marcus, Walter and Maria (who died aged 18). These children are featured in the 1781 painting by Joseph Wright of Derby, which was formerly at Ballymoyer but is now in the possession of the National Gallery of Victoria. An etching was made in 1782.

      Synnot was appointed High Sheriff of Armagh in 1783.[1]

      Walter was knighted by the Marquess of Buckingham on 29 May 1783 at Dublin. According to the Gazeteer and New Daily Advertiser (London) of 6 Jun 1783:
      'The Lord Lieutenant has been pleased to confer the order of knighthood on Walter Synnot Esq, Lieutenant-Colonel of the 1st Ulster Regiment of Volunteers."

      The second son, Captain Walter Synnot, became a colonist in Van Diemen’s Land (Tasmania) with his children, including Monckton Synnot and the family were prominent pastoralists in the Colony of Victoria.

      After the death of his first wife Jane Seton in 1803, Sir Walter married Anne Elizabeth Martin in 1804. The Derby Mercury (Derby, England) of 23 Aug 1804 announced:

      "By special licence, Sir Walter Synnot, of Ballymoyer, to Miss Anne Elizabeth Martin, daughter of the late Rev. Robert Martin, Rector of Newtown Hamilton, in the county of Armagh."

      Selina Martin, Sir Walter's sister-inlaw, in her 1831 book Narrative of a Three Years' Residence in Italy, 1819-1822, notes on page 364 that Sir Walter bought a fine copy from Italy of Raphael's "Madonna della Saggiola" ; it was over the mantelpiece at Ballymoyer.

      Walter and Anne Elizabeth had three children, including Richard Walter Synnot, a barrister, whose children were the subjects of the portrait by George Richmond. Synnot lived with his new wife and family in Italy for some years and died in Rome in 1821, where he was buried in the same tomb as his daughter Anne Elizabeth (from his second wife). His wife's sister Selina Martin wrote Three Years In Italy which covers this period. Selina notes on page 364 that Sir Walter bought a fine copy from Italy of Raphael's "Madonna della Saggiola" ; it was over the mantelpiece at Ballymoyer.

      Peter Stanford in How to Read a Graveyard: Journeys in the Company of the Dead (London, England, Bloomsbury, 2013), at pages 128 and 129 recounts some details of the burials of Sir Walter and his daughter:
      ' When Keats was laid to rest here in February 1821, there would have been no wall enclosing the meadow, just a shallow moat between it and the pyramid. The burial ground, though still technically unofficial, had developed greatly since George Langton's time. The interment of the Von Humboldt children had apparently received the Church's imprimatur, signalled by a small enclosure around the monuments, a feature not repeated elsewhere. The high proportion of tombstones dating to the early 1800s suggests that it was by then well-established and accepted, rather as a building may in some cases today be erected then have planning permission granted subsequently.
      There was, though, a lingering element of risk before the whole site was belatedly given legal status. Reports suggest that burials here in the early decades of the nineteenth century tended to be carried out very early in the morning or late at night. This may have added to the romantic aspect, or been down to the midday heat, but it could equally have been a practical precaution to avoid inflaming local prejudices against non-Catholics. It wasn't only popes and cardinals who harboured a distrust of other faiths. Where they led, those in the pews followed. Sir Walter Synnot, a Protestant Anglo-Irish aristocrat from Co. Armagh, now a long-time resident in Rome, decided to dispense with the cloak-and-dagger approach and bury his young daughter here in broad daylight. Yet mourners were accompanied by mounted police guard 'in case they should be insulted'. Whether or not this happened isn't recorded, but when Sir Walter himself died 8 months later, his funeral arrangements reverted to the previous regime, i.e. by torchlight.'

      Selina Martin, Sir Walter's sister-in-law, writes an account of his illness, death and burial in her 1831 book Narrative of a Three Years' Residence in Italy, 1819-1822.

      There is also an account of the deaths and funerals of Sir Walter and Anny in Nicholas Stanley-Price's The Non-Catholic Cemetery in Rome: its history, its people and its survival for 300 years (Non-Catholic Cemetery in Rome Rome, Italy, 2014). At page 29:

      'The Synnots and the cypress trees

      Sir Walter Synnot was an Irish landowner and former High Sheriff of Armagh. In later life he moved to Rome with his second wife and their three children. He and one of his daughters, Anny, died there in 1821 and were buried side by side in the Protestant burial-ground. His sister-in-law Selina Martin described their last days in her Narrative of a three years' residence in Italy, 1819-1822.

      By October 1820 the thirteen-year-old Anny was alarmingly ill and, despite the best administrations of Dr Clark (the same doctor who was then treating John Keats), she died on 8 January 1821. Because of Sir Walter's age and recent illness, the family was granted permission to hold the funeral in the morning (rather than at night as was more usual). A troop of cavalry ensured that the funeral passed without incident. There followed a burial service "in which there were some of the Roman nobility, as well as Germans and English. Two young clergymen officiated." On 20 February a monument copying the well-known ancient Roman sarcophagus of Scipio Barbatus was erected over her grave.

      In May Sir Walter's health declined again and he eventually died on 9 August.

      During his funeral, held at night, his request was granted to "lay me by the side of my daughter." The family had six cypress trees planted to overshadow the two tombs.

      In line with the new regulations announced following Cardinal Consalvi's visit two months later, the cypress trees would have to be dug up immediately as they obstructed the view of the Pyramid. The custodian, Francesco Trucchi, pretended to be ill to avoid carrying out the order and informed Lady Synnot. She appealed to the secretary of the Prussian legation., C. C. J. Bunsen, who had also recently buried his young daughter nearby and was similarly upset at the order. Cardinal Consalvi then exempted the Synnots from the regulation but forbade any other trees to be planted in the burial-ground and any enclosure to be built around it.

      In recounting this story in 1913, H. Nelson Gay noted that five of the cypress trees planted by the Synnots were still standing. One old specimen standing there today may be a survivor of the five.'

      By 1838 the Synnot family had bought the eight Ballymoyer townlands and continued to improve the estate. By the latter part of the 1870s they owned 7,321 acres (29.63 km2). In 1901 the demesne had passed through marriage to the Hart-Synnot family who presented it to the National Trust in 1937.

      Ballymoyer, the house and estate, is a National Trust property open to the public.

      Descendants of Synnot included Brigadier-General Arthur Henry Seton Hart-Synnot, Sir Walter Synnot Manifold MP and the Australian Admiral Sir Anthony Synnot.

      References
      [1] Burke, Sir Bernhard (1912). Arthur Charles Fox-Davies, ed. A Genealogical and Heraldic History of the Landed Gentry of Ireland. London: Harrison & Sons; and
      The London Gazette 11 Mar 1792 Issue 12422, Page 3.

      There are 12 memorial stained-glass windows at the church of St Luke, Ballymoyer, four of them added in 1864 and eight in 1877, each dedicated to the memory of a member of the Synnot family - Sir Walter, his two wives and some of their descendants. They are:
      Marcus d. 1855
      Jane Seton d. 1803
      Jane [Gillson], widow of Marcus d. 1866
      Mary, daughter of Marcus and Jane d. 1869
      William Forbes, d. 1876
      Marcus 'who built the chancel and beautified the nave' d. 1874
      Marcus 'who built the chancel and beautified the nave' d. 1874
      Robert Henry Inglis d. 1872
      Georgina Constance d. 1870
      Walter Synnot and Elizabeth his wife 1851 [Anne Elizabeth died 15 Feb 1850]
      F. .E. S[ynnot] 1859
      John Synnot d. 1839.
      Only 3 of these people are not in the direct families of Walter and his son Marcus:
      - Robert Harry Inglis Synnot, a son of Richard Walter Synnot, who was a son of Sir Walter and Anne Elizabeth Martin;
      - F. E. S[ynnot] 1859 - this person is not known;
      - John Synnot, a grandson of Sir Walter's brother Mark.

  • Sources 
    1. [S4823] BOK Synnott Pedigree (Philip H. Hore, unpublished, 1913), page 13.

    2. [S3626] TRE134 Family tree - Sir Walter Synnot 1742-1821/1841 on genealogy.links.org, TRE134., 10 April 2014; Links - Genealogy; Data sheets for Sir Walter Synnot and descendants; 2011; Camilla von Massenbach.

    3. [S3938] TRE Family tree - Fisher Family Tree (owner rossfisher1) on ancestry.com accessed 3 Jul 2014, Sir Walter Synnot.

    4. [S4439] TRE Family tree - Ruff===Aitken Family Tree (owner Margaret Ruff) on ancestry.com accessed 11 Nov 2014.

    5. [S4042] TRE Family tree - WADDELL: Northern Ireland to Northern Ontario (owner ffreeband55) on ancestry.com accessed 19, 26 Jul, 21 Oct 2014, 11 Feb 2015.

    6. [S4504] BOK Burke - Burke's Irish Family Records (1976), pages 1089-1092 (Hart-Synnot).

    7. [S4895] TRE189 Family tree - Martin family tree, Neville Marsh/Dennis Stapleton, TRE189.

    8. [S5184] findmypast Ireland Diocesan and Prerogative Wills & Administrations indexes 1595-1858 Transcription, 1822 Synnot, Sir Walter.

    9. [S3614] BOK011, BOK068 Annals of the Sinnott etc Families - M. E. Sinnott, BOK011, BOK068., chart - Pierce Synnot of Ballytramon.

    10. [S3628] BIM078 Synnot, Robert Henry Inglis - biography, BIM078., 11 April 2014.

    11. [S3940] TRE Family tree - Matsons and Harts (owner Fenella_L) on ancestry.com accessed 30 Jun, 3, 7, 19 Jul and 11 Nov 2014, Sir Walter Synnot.

    12. [S5496] DTH799 Death Synnot, Sir Walter, DTH799., Death notice; 14 October 1821.

    13. [S4723] BOK163 Stanford - How to Read a Graveyard pp. 128, 129, BOK163., pages 128, 129.

    14. [S4856] BOK186 Three Years Residence in Italy - Selina Martin (1831), BOK186., page 341.

    15. [S3938] TRE Family tree - Fisher Family Tree (owner rossfisher1) on ancestry.com accessed 3 Jul 2014, Marcus Synnot.

    16. [S4476] BOK137 A Genealogical and Heraldic Dictionary of the Landed Gentry of Great Britain and Ireland Part 2, BOK137., page 1473.

    17. [S4780] MAR findmypast.com.au Ireland Diocesan and Prerogative Marriage Licence Bonds Indexes 1623-1866.

    18. [S4781] MAR Marriage irishgenealogy.ie, church records, Area - Dublin (COI), Parish/Church/Congregation - St. Paul, N/R; N/R; N/R; DU-CI-MA-42472; d-273-1-2-056.

    19. [S3940] TRE Family tree - Matsons and Harts (owner Fenella_L) on ancestry.com accessed 30 Jun, 3, 7, 19 Jul and 11 Nov 2014, Jane Seton.

    20. [S4394] BOK136 Seton-Williams, M. V. "The Road to El-Aguzein", BOK136.

    21. [S4502] BOK Burke - A Genealogical and Heraldic Dictionary of the Landed Gentry of Ireland (Burke, 1912), page 679-681 (Hart-Synnot).

    22. [S3938] TRE Family tree - Fisher Family Tree (owner rossfisher1) on ancestry.com accessed 3 Jul 2014, Sir Walter Synnot - marriage date given as 26 Jul 1804.

    23. [S4718] MAR443 Marriage Synnott, Sir Walter and Martin, Elizabeth, MAR443., page 429, marriage Sep 1804.

    24. [S4742] BOK169 Leslie - Armagh Clergy and Parishes, BOK169., page 390.

    25. [S4067] TRE Family tree - Synnot family tree (owner preowned15) on ancestry.com accessed 22 Jul 2014, 10 Sep 2015.

    26. [S5173] MAR findmypast.ie Farrar's Index to Irish Marriages 1771-1812 Transcription.

    27. [S5220] findmypast Ireland Diocesan and Prerogative Marriage Licence Bonds indexes 1623-1866 Transcription, 1804 Sir Walter Synnott & Ann Elizabeth Martin; 1806 Walter Synnot & Catherine Margaret Smith.