Synad[1]

Male - Yes, date unknown


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  • Name Synad  
    Gender Male 
    _UID F252B141A3804045BA5ECF10C45EC343FD79 
    Died Yes, date unknown 
    Person ID I7884  Treefive
    Last Modified 9 Sep 2018 

    Children 
     1. Adam Synad,   d. Yes, date unknown
    Last Modified 12 Sep 2019 
    Family ID F2213  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

  • Notes 


    • The name "Synad" is used because it is uncertain if he had a surname. He was cited in Victorian times as 'Sir Richard' but without a real and known historical reference.

      His descendants took a variety of names such as Sinod, Synath, Synagh, Synnot, Sinnot and Sennett. Aidan Synnott provided an analysis of the name origin in Sep 2015:
      "The derivation of the surname Sinnott and such Sennett-variants, is not likely to be, but could possibly be, from the Teutonic or Old English given name Sigen?ð, from Sige, victory, and n?ð, bold. It is however most probably derived from a South Wales resident, of recent Fleming origin by the name of Synad or variant thereof [or a recent Norman migrant freeman by the name of Sinod, in its Latin translation], he being a risk-taking opportunist gang member attune with those prominent in his own Flemish ethnic ghetto, and they being collectively in alliance with the violent, rapacious and ambitious ruling Norman Knights of the Welsh Marshes and in South Wales as far west as Pembrokeshire, as at year 1169. The Lord of Pembroke was one Richard 'Strongbow FitzGilbert' deClare, son of Gilbert de Clare. He would lead + control the Norman conquest of Ireland, pre Henry II." 

      Rev. F. X. Martin, in his article "The Normans: Arrival and Settlement (1169 - c. 1300)," in The Course of Irish History (1967), at page 127, provides some background about the invitation by Dermot MacMurrough which led to the 'invasion' of Ireland in 1169. Dermot had lost his kingdom in Ireland, and sought assistance from King Henry II, offering to acknowledge Henry as his 'sire and lord' in return. Henry accepted Dermot's offer, promised help as soon as possible, and provided an open letter in which Henry invited his subjects, Irish, Norman, Welsh and Scots, to rally to Dermot's assistance. Dermot sought an interview with one of the great Norman leaders in Wales, Richard FitzGilbert de Clare, the earl of Pembroke, better known as 'Strongbow'. Eventually he agreed to help, on condition that Dermot gave him his eldest daughter Aiofe in marriage, and the right of succession to the Kingdom of Leinster:
      'Dermot then set off along the Welsh coast road to St David's securing along the way and on his return journey promises of help from a number of Welsh-Norman knights whose names were to become part of Irish history - FitzHenry, Carew FitzGerald, Barry. Before leaving Wales he also visited Rhos in Pembrokeshire. Here he got promises of support from the vigorous Flemish colony which had come from Flanders sixty years previously - their names were to figure prominently in the invasion of Ireland - Prendergast, Fleming, Roche, Cheevers, Synott.'

      P. Hore Synnott Pedigree (1913) page 3:
      'There is little doubt the family of Synnott (spelt originally Synad, & Synagh, & in more recent times Sinote) are, as Burke states, of a French origin. The earliest record we have is that of Sir Richard, shown below, & in all probability his ancestor came over to England in the train of William the Conqueror in 1066, or shortly afterwards, with other French & Flemish Adventurers, and settled in Pembrokeshire, or the North West coast of Wales, as we know many of the latter did. From thence this Sir Richard joined the first expedition to Ireland with Robert Fitz Stephen in May 1169.'
      'Circa 1172. Sir Richard de Synad. Built Ballyteigue Castle.[1]
      [1] F. Vol 31, p61. The castle was in Kilmuckridge Parish, Ballaghkeen North. There are no ruins left.'
      Source record F: M.S.S. of the late Herbert F. Hore

      Burke's Irish Family Records
      (1976) pages 1092-1096 (Hart-Synnot and Synnott) says at page 1093:
      'The family may have come originally from France or Flanders, or from England, where the name "Sigenod" meant "Victory-bold". A Sir Richard de Synad is alleged to have crossed to Ireland with
      Strongbow 1169 and built Ballyteigue Castle, in Kiimuckridge, E of Enniscorthy, co Wexford (not the present Castle of that name), In early 13th cent a grant was made of a property N of Wexford
      Harbour, later known as Sinnotsland, to David Synad, son of Adam, by his kinsman Gerald de Rufe (Roche). His four sons, or grandsons (or possibly those of William, John, Henry, Redmond or Nicholas Synod) were,
      1 DAVID, of whom presently.
      2 Richard SYNAGH, m and had issue,
      1 John, to,whom customs duties on wine, beer, fish and flesh meat in Wexford town were leased for £14 pa in 1331.
      2 William.
      3 John.
      4 Michael, m and had issue,
      1 David, accused of assault and theft in Wexford 1325.
      2 John, summoned to attend hostings with horse and arms 1345... '

      The family tree of the descendants of Synad is primarily based on
      Burke's Irish Family Records (1976), pages 1092-1096 (Hart-Synnot and Synnott).
      There is authoritative support from
      P. H. Hore Synnott Pedigree (1913, unpublished) which in most cases supports Burke (1976). Synnott Pedigree is understood to be based on the work of Nicholas Joseph Synnott of Furness, Naas, Co. Kildare, who commissioned the book.
      The other major sources referred to were:
      - Charles Nelson Sinnett Sinnett Genealogy - Michael Sinnett of Harpsville, Maine: His Ancestry and Descendants (The Rumford Press, Concord, N. H.
      - Mary Elizabeth Sinnott Annals of the Sinnott, Rogers, Coffin, Corlies, Reeves, Bodine and Allied Families (private circulation, printed by J. B. Lippincott Company, Philadelphia, 1905).
      - Sue Alderton Generational Chart of the “Synots” of Ireland (2012).

      The general notes for descendants of Synad include any major deviations from Burke (1976) but do not necessarily indicate where more details (than Burke), or missing people, have been added. An analysis of the given sources for the general notes and fact notes may be needed to determine the origin of any extra detail.

      Lt. Co. Hubert Gallway Some Early Norman Families in Co. Wexford in 'Journal of the Wexford Historical Society (No 4 1972-73) pp. 52-57 at pages 53, 54:
      'About four summers ago when motoring in the southern part of Pembrokeshire, I stopped at the village of Dale, on Milford Haven, and spent a short time looking around. On the door of the parish church I saw a list of the ladies of the vestry committee. They included a Mrs. Codd and a Mrs. Roch (sic). This aroused my curiosity so that I spent fifteen minutes examining the headstones in the surrounding graveyard. In that time I found Roch, Codd, Devereux and Sinnott headstones. Other typical Wexford names could no doubt be found if a wider search in that district were made. In the first instalment we dealt with Roche (always spelt Roch in Wales) so we will now take the other three that I found.
      [Paragraphs on Codd and Devereux are then followed by one on Synnott:]
      This is an Anglo-Saxon patronymic like Codd, early forms being Sinnach, Synad, Synath, Shinnaghe.
      Adam son of Sinath quitted claim of land in Annamult, Co. Kilkenny, to William Marshall for the Abbey of Duiske about 1204. He is the first of the Synnotts on record in Ireland.
      Between 1226 and 1228 David son of Adam Sinad received a large grant in Fernegenel, Co. Wexford, from Gerald de Rupe or Roche. Fernegenel was henceforth divided into Roche's Land and Synnott's Land. The grant was a sub-infeudation, for the lands were held by the Synnotts of the Roches; in the 1247 feodary Gerald de Rupe is shown as the tenant of the whole.
      Synnotts were also early holders of the quarter fee of Ballybrennan in Forth. William Synach is listed as the feoffee here in 1247 and John Synod in 1324. An inquisition of the reign of James I (1603-25) gives Richard Synnott as proprietor of Ballybrennan. Another branch of the Synnotts held Ballydusker, parish of Killinick, Forth, from 1324 or earlier and eventually acquired Ballyell which had belonged successively to Nots and Codds. They held these lands up to Cromwellian times.
      In the opinion of Mr. K. W. Nicholls, Adam Sinad, or son of Sinad, was progenitor of the Synan family in Co. Cork as well as the Synnotts. The references to him in the records illustrate well the development of a mere distinguishing epithet, son of so-and-so, into a fixed patronymic to be used by the generations that followed.
      So much for the names I saw in the churchyard at Dale. Their presence there proves that branches of the family settled at Co. Wexford stayed on in South Wales. at the beginning one man might hold land on both sides of the Channel but would probably leave them to different sons, founders of separate lines of the same name.'

  • Sources 
    1. [S2981] BOK Synnott Pedigree (Philip H. Hore, unpublished, 1913) Source record F, Vol 31, page 61.