Richard Qualtrough

Richard Qualtrough

Male 1847 - 1921  (74 years)

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  • Name Richard Qualtrough 
    Nickname Dick 
    Born 1847  Arbory, Rushen, Isle of Man Find all individuals with events at this location  [1
    Gender Male 
    Residence 1851  Malew, Isle of Man Find all individuals with events at this location  [1
    Address:
    Billown 
    _FSFTID KZQQ-XX2 
    _UID A7A17C9D47894E948CE6A27AEC0493779B48 
    Died 1921  Cambridge, New Zealand Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Person ID I495  Treefive
    Last Modified 3 Oct 2013 

    Father James Qualtrough,   b. 26 Dec 1808, Arbory, Rushen, Isle of Man Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 3 Oct 1881, Pakuranga, New Zealand Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 72 years) 
    Mother Catherine Clague,   b. 15 Apr 1810, Malew, Isle of Man Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 19 Jun 1881, Pakuranga, New Zealand Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 71 years) 
    Married 12 Nov 1835  Malew, Isle of Man Find all individuals with events at this location  [2
    Family ID F117  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

  • Photos
    00044 Constable Dick Qualtrough abt 1870
    00044 Constable Dick Qualtrough abt 1870
    Armed Constabulary Field Force

  • Notes 


    • RICHARD QUALTROUGH (1847-1921) - medal for service

      This biography is transcribed from chapter 7 of A Quota of Qualtroughs (authors Elizabeth A. Barlow and Joy McDougall, published in Matamata, New Zealand by Elizabeth A. Barlow in 1984), by kind permission of Elizabeth Feisst. For further information on Qualtroughs worldwide see http://www/qualtrough.org.

      Text in square brackets [ ] refers to matters in A Quota of Qualtroughs that are not included in the biography below.
      --------------------
      RICHARD, called Richy as a child and Dick later on, must have inherited his father’s strength, according to James Cowan’s references to pioneer days.

      As a very young man, and like brothers William and Thomas – he left Pakuranga to make a life for himself in the developing Waikato. He joined the Waikato detachment of the Armed Constabulary Field Force, a body similar to the Canadian North-West Mounted Police, but more actively involved in warfare than the “Mounties”.

      The Armed Constabulary had been formed in 1868 to assist the militia keep the peace following the outbreak of the New Zealand Wars and reached its peak of activity and renown in Taranaki against the Hauhaus between 1879-1883.

      The “Men in Blue” were courageous, settler-farmer background who could ride well, shoot straight and were prepared to defend what they considered their own. Even after the official end to hostilities the Armed Constabulary patrolled borders, accompanied parties of surveyors pushing through new roads and manned the redoubts and blockhouses set up for the protection of settlers from Maori raiding parties.

      Dick Qualtrough was among those awarded The New Zealand War Medal for his services (under the list of medallists he is called ‘Quatborough’ so the Manx name must have been an odd one even then) and gained the rank of sergeant. He took part in an exploration of the Cambridge -Te Awamutu main road with a party lead by Sub-Inspector Stuart Newall.

      The Armed Constabulary was dissolved in 1885 and the Militia kept the peace thereafter. Stuart Newall, with the rank of Lieut-Colonel, left New Zealand with the Fifth Contingent for the Boer War and had previously – May, 1898 – commanded the force that settled a dispute in the Waima Valley, near Rawene, in Northland.

      Richard Qualtrough, however, like so many settlers who had lived and worked beside the Maori in a harmonious relationship, had no real heart for fighting. He slipped off to Australia (to avoid further military service, it is said within the family) and wandered around, out of touch with his brothers and sisters until 1919, and a sick man, he returned to New Zealand to spend his last years with his kinsfolk.

      He stayed a short time with Tom and his family in Hamilton, then went to live with a niece, Alice McGhie (William’s eldest daughter) and her husband George, at Kihikihi. Later he went to live with another niece, ‘Bunny’ Schwarz (William’s fifth daughter) and her husband Bruno, at Matamata, where he died – nursed by his sister, Emily – in 1921, aged 74.

      He is interred in the Hautapu Cemetery, Cambridge. [(See Genealogical Chart 4).]

  • Sources 
    1. [S2447] 1851 Isle of Man Census, Class: HO107; Piece: 2526; Folio: 108; Page: 28; GSU roll: 105992-105996.

    2. [S291] MAR012 Marriage Qualtrough, James and Clague, Catherine.