Mary Ann Bailey

Female Abt 1808 - 1884  (~ 76 years)


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  • Name Mary Ann Bailey 
    Born Abt 1808  Cheddar, Somerset, England Find all individuals with events at this location  [1, 2
    Gender Female 
    Baptism 12 Jun 1808 OR 12 Jun 1809  Bitton, Gloucester, England Find all individuals with events at this location  [3, 4
    Immigration 14 Jan 1829  Hobart, Tasmania, Australia Find all individuals with events at this location  [2
    Misc Mar 1850  Avoca, Tasmania, Australia Find all individuals with events at this location  [5
    defaulted on mortgage payments 
    Misc Mar 1852  Avoca, Tasmania, Australia Find all individuals with events at this location 
    impounded a bay mare and claimed for damages, poundage fees, food and water 
    Misc 26 May 1852–24 Jul 1852  Avoca, Tasmania, Australia Find all individuals with events at this location  [6
    took Catherine O'Neal into her service 
    _UID FDF582A858814954A00CE08943F755336957 
    Died 3 Sep 1884  Tasmania, Australia Find all individuals with events at this location  [7, 8
    Person ID I3164  Treefive
    Last Modified 26 May 2015 

    Father George Bailey,   d. Yes, date unknown 
    Mother Ann [Unknown],   d. Yes, date unknown 
    Family ID F3082  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

    Family 1 James Gilligan,   b. 1773, County Westmeath, Ireland Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 13 Feb 1847, Avoca, Tasmania, Australia Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 74 years) 
    Married 25 May 1830  Launceston, Tasmania, Australia Find all individuals with events at this location  [1, 2, 9, 10, 11
    Children 
     1. Rosa Gilligan,   b. 13 Jul 1832, Campbell Town, Tasmania, Australia Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. Yes, date unknown
     2. Sophia Gilligan,   b. 2 Jun 1839, Campbell Town, Tasmania, Australia Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. Yes, date unknown
     3. James Gilligan,   b. 1845, Avoca District, Tasmania, Australia Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. Yes, date unknown
    Family ID F3054  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

    Family 2 George Romans,   b. 1814,   d. 1900, Tasmania, Australia Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 86 years) 
    Married 26 Jun 1858  Tasmania, Australia Find all individuals with events at this location  [12, 13, 14
    Children 
     1. Henry George Romans,   b. 9 Feb 1851, Avoca, Tasmania, Australia Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 12 Sep 1945, Arrowtown, New Zealand Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 94 years)
    Family ID F1088  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

  • Notes 


    • There are 2 possible baptisms for Mary Ann - at Bitton, Gloucester on 12 Jun 1808 or 12 Jun 1809, her parents being George Bailey and Ann. It is doubtful if this is the right person, due to Mary Ann's convict records which say that she was from Cheddar, Somerset (although family sources say Gloucestershire) and that her proper name was Storr, not Bailey.

      Mary Ann's early life is not known. The only evidence is from convict records following her trial and conviction at the Bristol City Quarter Sessions on 14 Apr 1828, along with 2 other convicts, Eliza and Mary Morgan. The prosecutor was William Carter, the offence highway robbery. She was sentenced to be transported for ‘stealing from the person’.

      Her complexion was florid, her hair very dark brown, her eyes dark blue and she had a scar on the back of her left thumb. She was a Protestant and could read but not write. She was single, a dress and stay maker, had a prior conviction of 1 month in Bristol for stealing money, and her gaol report noted ‘Has been convicted in Bristol; character and disposition bad; a prostitute’. The question ‘On the town’ was answered ‘Yes (last on the town)’. In this case ‘on the town’ probably took the old meaning of ‘supported by the public charity of the state or community; on relief’.

      She made a statement, presumably at the trial: ‘I worked last for Jno Lanage, Bristol, last on the Town, F & M Gardener Storr. Storr is my proper name, a small farm Bror & S. with my F.’ It seems she came from a small farm worked by her father, Gardener Storr, that her brother and sister lived with the father, and that her real name may have been Mary Ann Storr.

      The ship Harmony, with Mary Ann on board, departed from Downs on 13 Sep 1828. The ship’s master was Bennett Ireland and the ship surgeon William Clifford. The Harmony arrived in Van Dieman’s Land (Tasmania) on 14 Jan 1829 with its human cargo of 100 convicts. Mary Ann was 20 when the ship arrived.

      On 4 Feb 1838 Mary Ann applied to marry James Gilligan. The marriage took place at Launceston on 25 May 1830. She was recorded in musters of 1832, 1833 and 1835 as married to James Gilligan, and in 1835 as being assigned to him. Mary Ann was recommended for a conditional pardon in 1838.

      Their daughters were born in the Campbell Town District - Rosa in 1832 and Sophia in 1839. Their son was born in the Avoca District in 1845.

      As James was such a pivotal figure, both in early Tasmanian history and in Mary Ann's life, some details on him are included below:

      ===========================================================================

      JAMES GILLIGAN

      In Aug 1808, at Mullingar, County Westmeath, Ireland, James was convicted and sentenced to transportation to NSW, Australia. He arrived at Sydney on the ship "Boyd" on 14 Aug 1809.

      In 1814, James was on a list of convicts to be sent to the Derwent. His name was spelt "Kellaghan" or "Gillaghan". There was then a convict settlement at Derwent River (the site of Hobart Town, now simply Hobart).

      He was on a Convict Register of Conditional and Absolute Pardons which indicated that he had been granted an absolute pardon in New South Wales on 31 Jan 1820. But he was on a Settler and Convict List which indicated that he had been granted a conditional pardon.

      Vol 40 No 21 2008 of "The Valley and East Coast", printed and published by Voice Valley Voice Publications at St Marys, on the east coast of Tasmania, has an interesting historical article on James Gilligan's property, Clifton Lodge. Thanks to Jim Haas for permission to reproduce the article:
      __________________________________________________________________________
      A LITTLE BIT OF HERITAGE: Jim Haas
      "Clifton Lodge"

      In 1820 explorer Henry Rice came up the east coast of Van Diemens Land to Falmouth, scrub bashed his way through the foothills of St Patricks Head and discovered the eastern end of the Fingal Valley. The area we now know as the Break O' Day Plains.

      He followed the Break O'Day and South Esk Rivers until he reached the Tamar River and Launceston, where he reported to the Colonial Government what wonderful fertile land with an ample supply of water he had found.

      Although it was not reported in his journal, one wonders if he came across James Gilligan who, it appears, had already settled on a grant he named "Clifton Lodge". The grant, which was a few miles east of the St Pauls River, consisted of 1600 acres overlooking the South Esk River and what we now know as Ormley Flats.

      Well known surveyor-explorer John Helder Wedge reported staying at "Clifton Lodge" when he surveyed the Avoca — St Pauls area in 1825. The most significant journal entry, however, was from Roderick O'Conner and Peter Murdock who visited "Clifton Lodge" in 1827 whilst working for the Land Commissioner. They reported James Gilligan had been there for a little over seven years, which meant he should have been there when Rice passed through in 1820. It would also appear from these records that Gilligan was the first permanent European resident of the Fingal Valley.

      James Gilligan was born in Ireland in 1768. He arrived in Van Diemens Land on the 6th May 1814, and after obtaining his land grant took up residency somewhere around 1819. For the next twenty years he worked tirelessly establishing a sheep and cattle property, rearing a family and building a humble dwelling, the ruins of which are still visible today.

      But by 1840 Gilligan was getting old and put his property up for sale. It appears he had an overwhelming desire to return to Ireland where he could confess his sins much better than he could in what he called "this unchristian place". Also he wanted the traditional Irish wake when he died and he believed that more of his friends and family would attend back in his homeland.
      In 1843, however, whilst District Constable William Ward was a dinner guest at "Clifton Lodge" Riley Jeffs and John Conway, two bushrangers who had been terrorizing the district for months, raided the homestead. Constable Ward tried desperately to defend his friends and their property but in the scuffle was shot dead by one of the "misguided" men.

      The Lieutenant-Governor immediately put up a reward of one hundred sovereigns plus a free pardon with a free passage home for information leading to the apprehension of Jeffs and Conway. The murderers were captured soon after, but only after their gun powder became wet during a storm. They were both hanged together in Launceston.

      At the trial Gilligan told how greatly shocked he was over the events of that fateful night and his health was deteriorating as a result. He died on the 13th February 1847 at the age of 79 without selling "Clifton Lodge" or returning to Ireland. He was buried near his home and his headstone still marks his grave today.

      Gilligan's wife, Mary Ann, remained at "Clifton Lodge" for a few years. Indeed, the census of 1848 indicates the residence was of brick and wood with twelve inhabitants. The land was eventually taken over by Mary Ann Cox, who purchased "Ormley" in 1850. Mrs Cox was a well know Van Diemens land coach operator, who had taken over the business after her husband died in 1837.
      "Clifton Lodge" soon acquired the reputation of being haunted by the ghost of William Ward and this story was strengthened when the driver of the coach to Fingal claimed to have met the "ghostly policeman" on the road one moonlight night. By 1860 "Clifton Lodge" was abandoned and has remained that way ever since.

      Or has it? Does the ghost of William Ward still linger there amongst the rubble? Perhaps he has been joined by James Gilligan who was so traumatized by the policeman's death and tormented by the fact he was unable to return to his homeland to die.
      All bunkum you say. Then go and spend a night camped amid the ruins.

      A special thanks to John Mallinson for his research on this story.
      __________________________________________________________________________

      Jim Haas had some additional comments in correspondence with Rex Sinnott in Sep 2014:

      'My research on James has him settled in the Fingal Valley as early as 1820. This is only confirmed by a statement in the records of the local surveyor, John Helda Wedge, who in 1827 stayed with James at Clifton Lodge.
      He stated at the time that James had been at Clifton Lodge for seven years. If this was the case, James was most certainly the first permanent white resident of the Valley. This, however, dose not match with to other records which claims James Grant of Tullochgorum was the first.
      Given that Gilligan is mentioned by Wedge and Commissioner for Lands, Roderick O’ Conner prior to 1827, I believe Gilligan was the first settler to the valley. I have some doubts as to whether it was as early as 1820, because the records show Explorer, Henry Rice, discovered the valley in that year and made no mention of Gilligan.
      Rice would have seen Gilligan you would have thought, as he followed the South Esk River and Clifton Lodge overlooked the river.
      Then again, Rice talked more about the eastern end of the valley as an ideal place to farm and Clifton Lodge was in the western end.
      I still think Gilligan came after Rice, maybe even a year or two.'

      A seminal event for the Gilligan family at Avoca was the murder of Constable William Ward at their home in 1843. Both James and Mary Ann were present in the house, and they gave evidence at the trial of the men accused of the murder. A report of the trial is at:
      http://www.law.mq.edu.au/research/colonial_case_law/tas/cases/case_index/1843/r_v_jeffs_conway_and_others_1843/

      The initial text and testimony by James and Mary Ann is set out below:

      R. v. Jeffs, Conway and others
      Supreme Court of Van Diemen's Land
      Pedder C.J., 3 and 4 July 1843
      Source: Cornwall Chronicle, 8 July 1843[1]
      LAUNCESTON CRIMINAL SESSION
      Monday, July 3, 1843
      Before Sir J. L. Pedder, Chief Justice, and the following Jury:-
      Messrs. B Francis, (foreman), G. Goldstraw, W. H. Luckhurst, J. Ferguson, W. Herbert, C. Grant, T Knowles, J McLachlan, E. P. Tregurtha, C Clepham, and J. Webb.
      Riley Jeffs and John Conway were indicted for feloniously stealing one gun, and various other articles, from the dwelling-house of Thomas Massey, on the 4th of May last; and George Ewings and Henry Blunt were indicted for being accessaries after the fact.
      The Attorney-General opened the case, explaining to the Jury that the reason Riley Jeffs and John Conway were now placed on their trial for an offence, comparatively of a minor nature to the one they would yet have to answer for, was, that it was necessary to prove that the robbery had been committed, in order to bring the charge home to the prisoners Blunt and Ewings at accessaries. The Attorney-General stated the case at some length, detailing the circumstances of the robbery at Mr. Massey’s, and pointing out how the evidence bore against the prisoners Blunt and Ewing.
      The prisoner Jeffs, in consequence of his wound, was accommodated with a chair during the trial.

      [Among the evidence were statements from James and Mary Ann

      Statement of James Gilligan on Tues 4 Jul 1843:]

      James Gilligan. - I resided on the Break o’ Day road on the 2nd May last, leading up to the new settlement; it is called Clifton Lodge in the district of Campbell Town; I know the prisoners Jeffs and Conway; I saw them on the 2nd of May about six o’clock in the evening; I was in my sitting-room taking tea with Wm. Ward; I had known Ward since he first came to the settlement; I did not know his name was William, until his wife told me after his decease. My wife and a little girl were in the room at the time beside Mr. Ward. I saw Jeffs first; he came into my hall and stood with his back to the staircase; he pointed a piece in and told us that if any of us moved he would blow all that was in the piece through those that did so. Mr. Ward got up, ran to him, and got hold of him; he stood at the staircase until Mr. Ward got hold of him. The staircase is opposite the door; the stairs are about a yard and a half from the door; the door was open. Mr. Ward’s face was forenent the door; my back was towards it. Mrs. Gilligan’s face was to the door. I turned round and saw Jeffs; Jeffs was in the passage when Mr. Ward seized hold of him; the passage led into the kitchen at one end; and the other to the front door. I did not go into the passage while they were struggling; my wife shut the door and prevented me. After my wife shut the door I heard a shot; it appeared to come from the kitchen; I heard a struggle before I heard the shot; I heard a struggle in the passage; it was a very short time; it might be a minute after Ward seized Jeffs that I heard the shot. I got my wife to open the door, and went down in the kitchen; my wife was with me; the servant woman was also with me; I saw the servant woman in the kitchen after I got there; her name is Sarah Verse. When I went into the kitchen, I saw Ward laying on the ground. There is a small step from the hall into the kitchen. Jeffs, at the time I went into the kitchen, was there; Conway was in the kitchen; there were four men belonging to Mr. Hamilton there also. The prisoners Selby and Rushbrook were two of them. Conway had fire-arms; he had something round his waist, and pistols stuck into it. I don’t recollect that he had any thing in his hands; the hands of the four men were tied. I saw a piece in the kitchen; it was broke. It was at the corner of the dresser on the ground. I don’t recollect how the men’s hands were tied. Conway spoke to me when I went into the kitchen; he said - “get up old man, and go into your room, so I’ll make you go in,” that was all he said, I don’t recollect that Jeffs spoke to me. I laid my hand on the body of ward; I believe Conway asked me if his breath was gone. Ward had his breath at the time, but very weak. There was some wadding on fire on his shoulder; I brushed that off. I did not observe blood. I was in such a state I could not ascertain. I went then into my own room. I saw none of them after. I had a musket in the house. To the best of my opinion, Jeffs came and asked me for my arms; that was after I had left the kitchen; I cm certain Jeffs asked me for my arms; I cannot recollect if I told him what arms I had; I think I told my wife to get him the musket; I think I saw my musket in Jeffs; hands coming down stairs; I told my wife to go up stairs and get him the musket; Jeffs went with my wife; they went towards the room. The party remained a very short time after that. A man of the name of Sewell was in my service that night; he was eating his supper, in the kitchen when the bushrangers came; I saw Sewell a very short time before the bushrangers came in. I don’t know that they took any thing out of my house but the musket; I saw Ward, afterwards, lying in the kitchen; he was dead. It was not a quarter of an hour from the time the shot was fired until I saw Ward dead. I cannot tell how long I laid on my bed previous to seeing Ward dead. Ward was just opposite the door when Jeffs came in; there was no light in the hall; there was a candle in the kitchen, and a candle in the sitting-room; the candle from that room threw a light into the passage, as did also the candle in the kitchen. I was sitting about a yard and a half from the door; the candle in the kitchen was five or six yards from the spot where Jeffs stood. The light was sufficient for me to know a man again. I don’t think any part of Jeffs’ musket was in the room. Ward jumped up immediately and got hold of the man; as soon as they struggled into the kitchen, my wife shut the door, and would not let me go out. I was in the kitchen two or three minutes before Conway ordered me to go to my own room. When I first saw Jeffs, he was standing with his back to the staircase; I had never seen Jeffs or Conway before. Jeffs did not hold his piece to his shoulder. I can’t tell whether Jeffs had any thing on his head. I think he had a grey jacket on; his face was not concealed. I think Conway had a cap on. I smelt wadding that was burning when I went into the kitchen. I was alarmed at the attack; I have never got the better of it since.

      [Statement of Mary Ann Gilligan on Tues 4 Jul 1843:]

      Mary Ann Gilligan. - I am the wife of Mr. Gilligan. I know all the prisoners at the bar; I saw the prisoners on the night of the 2nd of May last. Riley Jeffs came to the parlour door and presented his piece, and told us to stand; there was in the parlour, Mr. Ward, my husband, one child, and myself. Mr. Ward rushed out at the door, and caught hold of Jeffs. I afterwards went into the kitchen; Ward and Jeffs had left the parlour door before I went into the kitchen. They were struggling in the passage. I heard a shot fired. As Ward rushed out, Sarah shifted in behind the door; she had hold of her master’s coat, begging of him not to go out. We went into the kitchen, after we heard the shot fired; there was in the kitchen then, Jeffs and Conway, and the four men who were tied. Mr. Ward was dead on the floor. Conway had a gun in one hand, and appeared to have pistols in his belt. When I first entered the kitchen Conway was taking a small pistol from Mr. Ward’s coat pocket, which he placed in his own belt. Conway was stooping, and held a gun in his hand; Jeffs had a pistol in his hand, but no gun. I saw a broken gun on the floor, after Mr. Hamilton’s men came back in the course of the night; I did not see Sewell during the night, nor until eight o’clock the next morning. I asked the bushranger what made them shoot Mr. Ward - that he had a large family. Conway told me not to be frightened - to attend to him - there [???] life yet. Sarah was present at the time, Conway asked Mr. Gilligan to lift Ward up. Riley Jeffs said they would not have shot him, if he had sat quiet; Jeffs said he would not have had it happened for a thousand pounds; he appeared very much hurt. It was about ten o’clock when the two men came back; Selby was one of those men. The three prisoners, Selby, Pearse, and Rushbrook, were three of the men who were tied. The four men went away with the bushrangers, Selby and Rushbrook came back about ten or half-past ten; they said the bushrangers desired them to come back. Selby brought back the barrel of the piece that was broken; he said by desire of the bushrangers. He looked about for the pieces that were broken; he picked up some small screws. They told me they had left the bushrangers two miles or two miles and a half away in the direction of St. Paul’s Sugar Loaf; they said they had been taken two miles or two miles and a half before they were untied; they said the bushrangers had told them to come back, and the two other to go to Mr. Rosier’s house. Selby remained until four o’clock in the morning; he left the house on Mr. Ward’s horse; he told me he was going to Fingal; he took the barrel of the gun, and some papers belonging to Mr. Ward; he said he was going to Mr. Franks to raise the alarm, about the bushrangers; he told me he would have gone before, only he was waiting to know if Sewell had gone to Avoca to give the alarm. Rushbrook remained until eight o’clock the next morning; I asked him to wait and have some breakfast. Selby told me the bushrangers had given him the barrel of the gun, and he was going to take it to Fingal. I have known Mr. Ward twelve months; I have seen him frequently; his name was William Ward. I saw the stock of a piece when Selby and Rushbrook came back; it was on the floor in the kitchen; there was no barrel in it; it was a double barrel. I had seen all the three men before that night; I had never seen Jeffs or Conway before that night.
      _________________________________________________________________________

      A notice in the Launceston Examiner of 19 May 1847 advises that a son was born to the lady of the late James Gilligan Esq. at Clifton Lodge on 27 Apr 1847. It seems unusual that a 79 year-old would have a son - even if his age was wrong, he would probably have been abt 74 at the time of the birth, if a convict record giving his age as 36 in 1809 is correct.

      =========================================================================
      Back to Mary Ann ...

      Default on mortgage

      In March 1850, the Launceston Examiner ran notices advising the auction of Mary Ann's land in Avoca following default on a mortgage. The notices stated:

      'PURSUANT to the proviso for that purpose contained in a certain indenture of mortgage, bearing date the twenty-first day of September, one thousand eight hundred and forty-six, and made between James Gilligan, then of Avoca, in Van Dieman's Land, farmer, now deceased, and Mary Ann, his wife, of the one part and Thomas Walker of Rhodes, in Van Dieman's Land aforesaid, Esquire, of the other part; Notice is hereby given that, default having been made in payment of the principal sum secured by the said indenture, and certain interest thereon, the lands and hereditaments thereby granted and released or intended to so be and hereinafter described, will be sold by public auction, on Tuesday, the thirtieth day of April next, by
      MESSIEURS UNDERWOOD & EDDIE,
      At their sale room in Charles-street, Launceston, at one o'clock in the afternoon precisely. - And notice is hereby further given that in case the said lands shall not be sold at such auction, the mortgagee will thereupon proceed to sell the same by private contract.'
      A description of the land boundaries followed - there were 2 lots, each of 640 acres..

      Perhaps the sale did not proceed - did George Romans come to the rescue? When George and Mary Ann married in 1858, she was described as a landholder (and George as a farmer) and they were still living at Clifton Lodge in 1860.

      In Mar 1852 the Poundkeeper of the Avoca Public Pound placed a notice in the Launceston Examiner that Mary Ann had impounded a bay mare and claimed for damages (10s), and poundage fees, food and water (1s 6d per day); and the Poundkeeper advised that the animal would be sold if not claimed and redeemed.

      Catherine O'Neal of Fermanagh was transported to Tasmania 1849-1850 as a convict, and went into the service of Mary Ann Gilligan at Avoca on 26 May 1852. On 24 Jul 1852, Catherine appeared at Fingal PC and was withdrawn from Mary Ann's service. It was recommended that she not be engaged on the Avoca side of Ross.

      Possibly relevant to Catherine's short stay with Mary Ann was her application (1 Apr 1852) to marry William Munton, and then the birth on 18 Oct 1852 of Catherine's daughter Elizabeth O'Neal at Ross - the father was William Munton.

      Insanity

      John Best, a medical practitioner and surgeon at Avoca, examined Mary Ann, wife of George Romans, farmer, on 18 and 20 Oct 1860. He found that she was a "Lunatic" and should be detained under care and treatment. The facts indicating insanity that he observed were hallucinations of every subject. He noted that communications by him to other people were unnecessary - her state was too palpable and indisputable. The medical certificate was dated 3 Nov 1860.

      On the same day, two Justices of the Peace, Robert Pringle Stuart and Robert Hepburn, signed a Justices' Order which directed the Superintendent of the New Norfolk Hospital for the Insane, G. F. Huston, to receive Mary Ann Romans. They were satisfied, after examining Mary Ann and being assisted by John Best, that she was "a person of unsound mind and not under proper care and control."

      The Order noted that Mary Ann was the wife of George Romans, a farmer. She was 50 years old, an adherent of the Church of England(as far as known)and lived at Clifton Lodge near Avoca. She first suffered an attack 2 1/2 years previously and was not under treatment, although the attack was said to be still existing. The supposed cause was intemperance and consequent loss of property. She was neither subject to epilepsy nor suicidal and was not dangerous to others, but was beginning to become mischievous and destructive. Her nearest known relative was her husband, George Romans, of Clifton Lodge near Avoca.

      Papers containing particulars of her case were forwarded by the Fingal Police Office to the Superintendent on 7 Nov. The covering letter expressed the view, based on the opinion of Mr Best, surgeon, that little hope could be entertained of her even partial recovery.

      A handwritten note signed on behalf of the New Norfolk Hospital on 12 Nov said "Submitted for intentions as to what fund Mary Ann Romans' maintenance is to be charged. Admitted from Fingal on a Justices' Order signed by R. P. Stuart and R. Hepburn Esqs with a medical certificate from Dr Best and accompanied by the annexed document history". The note was written on a letter of 7 July 1856 by G. F. Huston to the Colonial Secretary, noting the inconvenience caused by the paucity of information provided when pauper patients were admitted, and requesting that the Secretary advise Police Magistrates of the information required.

      The key document is the Application for Admission. It notes Mary Ann's age (50), that she was free of servitude, was not suffering from disease and that the general state of her health was "perfectly good". It also contained the Police Magistrate's Remarks, signed by Mt Stuart:
      'This patient arrived as a convict 32 years ago. She married, had a family and became a widow many years since with a son and her daughters. Her circumstances were then good. She lived in concubinage for some years prior to then marriage with the man who is now her husband and bore to him two sons. Her life for many years was one of almost [excess] in drinking which led eventually to her becoming in very impoverished circumstances, and about 3 years ago she was imprisoned in the gaol at Launceston for debt. This affected her very deeply, and I have cause to believe that while under imprisonment the first symptoms of mental derangement were observed.
      The irregularity of her life had been of that order that her daughters tho being fine and respectably adjusted girls were obliged to leave her some years ago and her son that is by her first marriage also withdrew from all [notice] of her in consequence of her concubinage and drunkenness. A few months prior to her incarceration one of the younger sons by Romans was unnaturally ravished on the public road near Avoca, and between the commitment of the perpetrator of that outrage for trial and the trial she became insane. It is not improbable that from excessive and prolonged intemperance, producing injurious influence in the *****, her children born in marriage leaving her; the consequences of her neglect of affairs from intoxication having reduced her to poverty, and the odious attack on her son may have been too much in combination for a mind of inferior strength, and thus I account for her lamentable condition. She is still strong and purposeful, ***** ** youth for I remember her 30 years ago, a remarkable and striking handsome and fine young woman, in service of Major Gray.
      Robert Pringle Stuart
      P. M.'

      The death of Mary Ann Romans from heart disease on 3 Sep 1884 was registered at New Norfolk on 5 Sep 1884 by N. H. Macfarlane, superintendent of the Hospital, New Norfolk. She was 72, the wife of a farmer. This is very likely the same Mary Ann who was hospitalised in 1860, although a family source said that she died when her son George was young. It seems that she did not die then, but was simply ignored by her second family - in the same way as the children of her first marriage left and disowned her.

  • Sources 
    1. [S4099] BAC Tasmanian convict biographies, 26 July 2014; biographical details of Mary Ann Bailey, Tasmanian convict.

    2. [S4111] TRE Family tree - Shearer/Murfett Family Tree (owner LesShearer51) on ancestry.com accessed 1 Aug 2014, Mary Ann Bailey.

    3. [S4112] ancestry.com England, Select Births and Christenings, 1538-1975, 12 Jun 1809 Bitton, Gloucs: Mary Ann Bailey.

    4. [S4112] ancestry.com England, Select Births and Christenings, 1538-1975, 12 Jun 1808 Bitton, Gloucs: Mary Ann Bailey.

    5. [S4236] BAC333, BAC334 Giligan, Mary Ann - default of mortgage, Sale by Auction - default on mortgage; 23, 27 March 1850; page 7.

    6. [S4261] BAC Gilligan, Mary Ann - had services of Catherine O'Neal.

    7. [S1867] ancestry.com Australia Death Index, 1787-1985, 3 Sep 1884 Tasmania: Mary Ann Romans.

    8. [S4242] DTH634 Death Romans, Mary Ann, 3 Sep 1884 New Norfolk, Tasmania: Mary Ann Romans.

    9. [S1835] ancestry.com Australia Marriage Index, 1788-1950, 25 May 1830 Tasmania: Mary Ann Bailey and James Gilligan.

    10. [S4231] MAR411 Marriage Gilligan, James and Bailey, Mary Anne, James Gilligan.

    11. [S4702] MAR437 Marriage Gilligan, James and Bailey, Mary Anne, Gilligan, James and Bailey, Mary Ann.

    12. [S1835] ancestry.com Australia Marriage Index, 1788-1950, 26 Jun 1858 Tasmania: Mary Ann Gilligan and George Romans.

    13. [S4207] MAR Marriage Romans, George and Gilligan, Mary Ann.

    14. [S4241] MAR412 Marriage Romans, George and Gilligan, Mary Ann, 26 Jun 1858 Fingal, Tasmania: George Romans and Mary Ann Gilligan.